Gaun is the Indonesian word for dress and Batik is a cloth that whose designs are traditionally done using a wax resist dyeing technique.
The art of decorating cloth using wax and dye dates back to the ancient Egyptians. In Java Indonesia, best know for batik craftsmanship, batik is part of an ancient tradition for centuries and some of the finest batik cloth in the world is still made in Java Indonesia. The word batik originates from the Javanese word tik and means to dot.
To make batik cloth areas of the cloth are blocked out by brushing or drawing a hot wax design and the cloth is then dyed. The areas covered in wax resist the dye and remain the original color. This process of waxing a design on the cloth and dyeing can be repeated to create more elaborate and colorful designs. After the final dyeing process is completed the wax is removed and the fabric is ready for sewing into a Gaun (dress).